What is HbA1c?
What is HbA1c?
The Hemoglobin A1c or simply known as HbA1c refers to glycated hemoglobin. It develops when hemoglobin, a protein within red blood cells that carries oxygen all over your body, joins with glucose in the blood, making it “glycated”. The HbA1c test measures your average level of blood sugar from the past 2 to 3 months. The test is restricted for an average of three months since the lifespan of a red blood cell is four months (120days).
People with illnesses affecting hemoglobin (e.g. anemia), kidney and liver failure or any illness that affects red blood cell survival, and people who had undertaken blood transfusion (including blood donation) may also affect the result of the test. In addition, supplements such as vitamins C and E and high cholesterol levels can affect the results of the HbA1c.
HOW IS HBA1c TEST DONE?
An HbA1c interpretation can be taken from blood from a finger but is usually taken from a sample of blood that is taken from your arm. By measuring glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), clinicians are able to get an overall picture of what our average blood sugar levels have been over a period of weeks/months. Unlike other tests, HbA1c test does not require you to stop eating before taking it. This test can be administered any time, even after a meal.
The HbA1c test is also used to diagnose diabetes. People with diabetes need this test regularly to monitor if their levels are staying within range, to know if they need to adjust their diabetes medicines. This test is vital as the higher the HbA1c, the bigger the risk of developing diabetes-related complications.
This test is offered in ACCUMED (both in Angeles and Mabalacat Branch’s and in First Quality Laboratory in Porac.).
What is DIABETES?
Diabetes is a disease wherein the body is incapable of correctly using and storing glucose (a form of sugar). Glucose backs up in the bloodstream – causing a person’s blood glucose (also known as blood sugar) to increase too high.
There are two main types of diabetes. In type 1 (previously known as insulin dependent or juvenile-onset) diabetes, the body fully stops producing any insulin, a hormone that allows the body to use glucose found in food for energy. This type of diabetes often develops in children or young adults, but can also occur at any age. Type 2 (previously called non-insulin dependent or adult-onset) diabetes results when the body doesn’t procedure sufficient insulin and/or is not able to use insulin right (insulin resistance). This type of diabetes usually happens in individuals who are over 40, overweight, and have history of diabetes in their family, even though these days it is more and more occurring in younger people, specifically teenagers.